Electric Vehicles FAQS

Are there different types of EVs?

Yes, there are different types. The most common types are Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs).

BEVs are often referred to as All Electric Vehicles as they do not have an internal combustion engine.

PHEVs utilize both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine and will often run on electricity until the battery has been drained, and then switches to its gasoline engine. PHEVs can be plugged in to charge the battery.

HEVs also have both an electric motor and internal combustion engine. However, they cannot be plugged in to charge the battery. The electric motor element of the vehicle allows the car to get significantly higher fuel mileage.

What are the charging options for customers?

There are three different types of chargers, also known as electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), that are classified based on the rate at which they can charge a battery.

Level 1 chargers run on standard 120-volt AC and typically do not require additional installation or electric wiring. This type of EVSE is used most often in household charging applications. Level 1 chargers can take 9-24 hours to charge your vehicle’s battery depending on various factors. (2-5 miles of range per hour of charging.)

Level 2 chargers run on 240-volt and typically require installation of electrical equipment. These chargers are found in household charging applications, and is also typical of many workplace charging stations. These chargers can charge your vehicle’s battery in 4-6 hours, depending on various factors. (10-60 miles of range per hour of charging.)

Level 3 chargers or also called DC Fast-Charge. These chargers use 480-volt high-powered charging equipment. Not all vehicles have the special equipment to receive charge with this system. This is the charging option most likely found in public charging stations and can charge your vehicle’s battery in under 1 hour. (60-100 miles of range per 20-30 minutes.)

Selecting the right charger for you will depend on various factors, including how far you drive each day, where you are charging your vehicle, how much time you have to charge your vehicle, and your vehicle’s charging capability.

How far can an EV drive on a full charge?

This depends on the model of the EV. For more information, please see the “EV Driving Cost Calculator” section linked below for the Department of Energy’s Alternative Fuel Calculator and Electric Vehicle Fuel Economy Comparison tool.

Will my EV reduce my emissions?

To discover if an EV will reduce your emissions, please see the “EV Driving Cost Calculator” section linked below for the Department of Energy’s Alternative Fuel Calculator and Electric Vehicle Fuel Economy Comparison tool.

Will driving an EV increase my electric bill?

This will depend on where, when, and how often you will be charging your electric vehicle. To discover if an EV will increase your electric bill, please see the “EV Driving Cost Calculator” section linked below for the Department of Energy’s Alternative Fuel Calculator and Electric Vehicle Fuel Economy Comparison tool.